Art

Mar 232015
 

In 1968 Henry Hope Reed created  Classical America, which is now called the  Institute of Classical Architecture and Art.   At that time,  he had in mind the many ways our nation exhibited a classical heritage in art, architecture, political philosophy, and general cultural values. In the  early years the organization did focus on architecture almost exclusively but today the organization has come to embrace the classical tradition more broadly.  They have grown from a small  New York core with a budding branch in Philadelphia, to a  national organization with 15 chapters around the country and can now say that the New American Renaissance is underway.

The Philadelphia chapter has designed a program of recognition for individuals and organizations of various sorts who embody Henry’s vision of renewal and growth in the classical tradition of America called “The Golden Reed,” recalling Henry’s seminal book The Golden City.

This year the award went to Lorraine Reisenbach, Director of Artists House Gallery  for her successful, commendable work over the years “to introduce, nurture, and mentor outstanding emerging artists in the best of Western tradition.”  This amazing work from the current exhibition Young Visions.

Still Life by Evan Schukis

evan-schukis

In the history of American architecture and the arts, the American Renaissance was the period from 1876–1917  which was characterized by renewed national self-confidence and a feeling that the United States was the heir to Greek democracy, Roman law, and Renaissance humanism. It expressed its self-confidence in new technologies, such as the wire cables of the Brooklyn Bridge in New York. It found its cultural outlets in both Prairie School houses and in Beaux-Arts architecture and sculpture, in the “City Beautiful” movement, and “also the creation of the American empire.”  Politically and economically, this era coincides with the Gilded Age.

The classical architecture of the World’s Columbian Exposition in Chicago, 1893, was a demonstration that impressed Henry Adams, who wrote that people “would some day talk about Hunt and Richardson, La Farge and Saint-Gaudens, Burnham and McKim and Stanford White when their politicians and millionaires were quite forgotten.”

Columbian Exposition in Chacago

In the dome of the reading room at the Library of Congress, Edwin Blashfield’s murals were on the given theme, The Progress of Civilization.

LibraryofCongressReadingRoomDomeMural

America and Egypt detail

close up of half of the dome mural

center of the dome mural

Here is a link to a post I did after visiting the magnificent Library of Congress.

Today’s Classical Realism is characterized by love for the visible world and the great traditions of Western art, including Classicism, Realism and Impressionism. The movement’s aesthetic is Classical in that it exhibits a preference for order, beauty, harmony and completeness; it is Realist because its primary subject matter comes from the representation of nature based on the artist’s observation.  Artists in this genre strive to draw and paint from the direct observation of nature, and eschew the use of photography or other mechanical aids. In this regard, Classical Realism differs from the art movements of Photorealism and Hyperrealism. Stylistically, classical realists employ methods used by both Impressionist and Academic artists.

Classical Realist painters have attempted to restore curricula of training that develop a sensitive, artistic eye and methods of representing nature that pre-date Modern Art. They seek to create paintings that are personal, expressive, beautiful, and skillful. Their subject matter includes all of the traditional categories within Western Art: figurative, landscape, portraiture, indoor and outdoor genre and still life paintings.

A central idea of Classical Realism is the belief that the Modern Art movements of the 20th century opposed the tenets and production of traditional art and caused a general loss of the skills and methods needed to produce it. Modernism was antagonistic to art as it was conceived by the Greeks, resurrected in the Renaissance, and carried on by the academies of the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Classical Realist artists attempt to revive the idea of art production as it was traditionally understood: mastery of a craft in order to make objects that gratify and ennoble those who see them. This craftsmanship is then applied to drawing, painting or sculpting contemporary subjects which the artist observes in the modern world.

Gandy Gallery of Contemporary Classical Realists

Carl Sampson

Carl Samson

Carl Samson

Paul S. Brown, Classical Realist

contemporary-paul-s-brown-du-vin-du-pain-et-du-fromage-18-x-30-in-oil-on-panel-2007

Paul Brown still life

Paul Brown White

 

Jacob Collins (born 1964) is an American realist painter working in New York, NY. He is a leading figure of the contemporary classical art revival. 

Fire Island

Jacob Collins

Interesting article The Contemporary Realist Movement.

“….contemporary realists felt mankind was best served by depicting through art, the qualities in life that unite us as people, rather than the debasement of civilization.

Nothing says more about a culture than the art it idolizes. Art represents what a culture values, what its people think about, and essentially what they deem worth remembering. Art is the representation of a people, encapsulating their essence on every level.”

Max Ginsburg, Foreclosure

Foreclosure

Duffy Sheridan

Promise of Renewal

Duffy Sheridan

Self Portrait

Sheridan self portrait

“Every artist dips his brush in his own soul, and paints his own nature into his pictures.”
Henry Ward Beecher, Proverbs from Plymouth Pulpit, 1887
US abolitionist & clergyman (1813 – 1887)

The Internet has become the most important tool for the realist movement. It allowed the movement to gain serious traction about 10 years ago by linking like-minded people together, enabling them to find each other and promote their thoughts to others.

Through groups such as good GoodArt, the Art Renewal Center (A.R.C.) which was founded as a center for Realism. It became the largest online museum and the only one at that time dedicated to traditional art.

ARC searched out the remaining few atelier schools that still used the training methods of the old masters. Finding only 14 in existence at that time, with less than 200 students, ARC advertised them to the public.

Since that time, the atelier schools have grown dramatically, with more and more created every year. On the Art Renewal website, 72 atelier schools and workshops are now listed, with many times the number of students, and more are out there that are not listed.

Magazines now exist that are dedicated to Realism, such as Fine Art Connoisseur, Plein Air, Artist Advocate, American Arts Quarterly, Art of the West, and others.

Head instructor of the Ani Art Academy Waichulis, Anthony Waichulis, says: “Over the past few years, I have found that applications and program inquiries have increased tenfold. It seems that this ever-growing resurgence in Realism is encouraging new aspiring artists to enthusiastically pursue fundamental skill building on a scale I have not seen before.

“This is truly a wonderful thing, as I believe that effective education is one of the most powerful tools we have to shape the future,” he said.

These groups are all united, figuratively if not literally, in their goal to bring realist painting, drawing, and sculpture back to the forefront of contemporary art

The atelier schools are the foundation of the movement. They are the source of the proper training that is denied in most university and college art curriculums.

James Oliver wrote: “I am an artist who has been disenchanted with the art world to such a degree that I have pursued a science education instead. I think this site is the first real indication that the madness is beginning to clear as humankind rediscovers the beautiful.”

“As an artist and teacher, I believe that the future will only be possible if we infuse the arts back where they always belonged, at the heart of human education,” Jean Corbeil wrote.”

 March 23, 2015  Posted by at 2:16 pm Art, Classically Speaking Tagged with: ,  No Responses »
Mar 132015
 

Scagliola has been a mystery outside the decorative arts realm. There are only few people who are familiar with the art of Scagliola, a fascinating and special technique, that uses natural components, managing to render perfectly valuable materials, such as marble, and other natural and semi-precious stones.  Today scagliola is becoming a high-end favorite being used for vases, staircases, columns, countertops and table tops.  Beautiful blends of pigment and plaster are assuming forms and functions unavailable even to their stone-age ancestors.

Scagliola Columns in the Willard Hotel, Washington, DC

scagliola columns Willard Hotel Washington, DC

History of Scagliola

The first examples of scagliola were created in Roman times from selenite, which derives from a gypsum stone found in Italy’s Appennine Mountains.  Italian monks honed the technique in the 17th century.

16th Century Scagliola Tabletop.

16th century scagliola table top

In the United States, scagliola was widely used from the mid-1800s to the 1930s, in elaborate churches, capitol buildings and theaters for large columns, wall cladding, pilasters and door surrounds.

scagliola columns

closeup of scagliola column

scagliola walls

Black scagliola door portals

black scagliola door portals

scagliola columns

scagliola panels

The appeal then as now was the amount of marble demanded for such massive works would have been prohibitively expensive, if available at all.  Scagliola looks like natural marble and is just as durable, but it is less expensive and can be formulated in a limitless range of colors and textures. William Millar wrote more than a century ago in Plastering, Plain and Decorative; “Experience has proved that it will last as long as the house it adorns, and with an occasional cleaning, it will always retain its polish and beauty.”  It is these qualities that have refocused interest in scagliola.  Although less expensive than marble, scagliola projects are labor intensive and highly specialized.  The finest results demand historical knowledge, technical excellence in fabricating the material, and the trained eye and hand of the decorative artist.

However, all art historians mention that the art of Scagliola was never only used as an economical alternative, in order to replace valuable materials. On the contrary, it has emerged as an extremely valuable art through the centuries, with masterpieces highly appreciated by kings and rulers of that time. Respectively, nowadays the works of Scagliola are highly appreciated as works of great artistic value, as can be seen in galleries, auctions and in the world artistic market in general.

Berrington Hall

berrington hall comumns

scagliola after restoration

scagliola columns

This fireplace is so incredible.

scagliola fireplace

scagliola Medina Country CLub

Pietro Antonio Paolini table top 1735

Pietro Antonio Paolini table top

scagliola table top

Pietro Bossi

scagliola

scagliola fireplace

fireplace scagliola

bossi scagliola fragment

scagliola

 

The traditional European technique uses lumps of a doughy mixture with mineral pigment for veinng.  More common is the marezzo technique, which employs an almost-liquid mixture and raw silk fiber for veining.  Marezzo is sometimes known as American Marezzo because of its popularity in the United States.  While the mixture varies for each installation, the process is similar.

Traditional European Technique

traditional European technique

Marezzo Technique

Marezzo Method

marezzo method

scagliola process

scagliola veining

 

First, precise molds of the object are created.  Then a basic scagliola recipe is produced.  This usually includes some combination of gypsum plaster, hydrostone, Keens cement, and mineral pigments to achieve the desired tint.  Artisans then work in the raw silk fiber to create veining and cast the dougly mixture into molds.  Once the scagliola has hardened, grinding and polishing begin.  Hand polishing takes over several weeks, using water and a fine grade of sandpaper. The surface is buffed with aluminum oxide and coated with a surface-enhancing sealant called carnauba wax for protection.

Scagliola Fireplace by Wells Vissar for Tavern on the Green, New York

Scagliola fireplace by Wells Vissar

wells-vissar-about-scag-front

Stone Age Designs

scagliola columns

Stone Luxe Designs

scagliola fireplace

scagliola columns

scagliola range hood

scagliola sink

scagliola soaking tub

scagliola fountain

 

Scagliola Tables by Galleria Romanelli

Galleria Romanelli table top

Bianco Bianchi Scagliola

bianco bianchi

signature

 

 

 March 13, 2015  Posted by at 7:35 am Art, Artisan and Craftsman, Interior Design Tagged with:  2 Responses »
Mar 022015
 

Today’s doors are mass produced and available in several panel styles.  Why not make a design statement and transform ordinary doors into elegant architectural elements.  Here are some amazing doors to inspire you.  From carved wood custom designs to embellishing doors with ornament and/or paint.  Grab a cup of coffee and enjoy.

carved wood doors

Love this single panel design that matches the narrow panels.  Common elements to achieving this look are several moldings, corner ornaments and a central feature.  This design is more difficult because of the curve, but a simpler version can be achieved with Beaux-Artes panel kits such as the one shown below the inspiration picture.

doors with ornament

Georgian Panel kit comes with 4 corners and 16′ of panel molding for $199.  They are available in 20 finishes so all you have to do is use adhesive caulk to install it.  Use it alone or in conjunction with other moldings, ornament and paint.  Here it is shown as a wall panel with our damask canvas panel.

Beaux-Artes Georgian Wall Panel kit

 

 

Wonderful  header and beautiful trim for this door in Holkham Hall, Norfolk, UK

Door header and trim

Adding a header makes a huge impact.

door header with ornament

door header side view

 

Hall of War in Pavlosk Palace.  Effective use of large ornament.

heavy ornament

This is carved wood, but this allover pattern can be done with ornament or a painted design.

carved wood

details of carved wood design

carved wood door

paneled doors

 

gold ornament with white background

3-panel door design

Versailles Door

Versailles door

Versailles

Versailles ornament

panels with trim and decorative header

Chateau Amon Re, Belgium

2-panels with ornament

Apsley House

Asymmetrical panel design

panels with ornament

panel ornament closeup

 

Egg and Dart is a great choice for the panel molding.  Beautiful ornament for the center panel.  See Decorators Supply ornament below.

 

closeup of ornament

Decorators Supply Composition Ornament #9884 11-1/5″ x 24-3/4″ $324.74decorators supply ornament

ornament and panels

Doors with artistry are saved.  There is a strong market for  using these beautiful works of art.

painted panels

Entrance Doors with Style.

Glass door with ornament

paint and ornament

glass and ornament

entrance door

St. Frances of Assisi Church

2015-door-of-st.francis-assissi-church

Pink House wood entrance door

entrance door

ornament and panel design

Painted Door Designs

Beautiful painted design on this curved door.  The headboard is also amazing.

painted design curved door

painted doors

painted panel designs

painted panel designs

painted door design

Simple gold bead looks fabulous.

door panels design

Italian Chinoserie

Chinese Italian design

Simple and elegant.

painted door panel design

Beaux-Artes Georgian hand painted Panel would look fabulous on a door.  $325 33-1/4″ W x 53″H.  The height is adjustable.  Shown with our Georgian Panel Kit.

Beaux-Artes hand painted Georgian panel art

 

Andrew Skurman

wood door

Marie Antoinette Boudoir

painted door

signature